Responses of female non-academic staff of a tertiary institution on reducing HIV/AIDS: a health scheme survey in South-Eastern Nigeria
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Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Gregory University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria
Submission date: 2022-01-25
Acceptance date: 2022-02-17
Publication date: 2023-09-15
HIV & AIDS Review 2023;22(3):226-230
Poor knowledge, awareness, and behavioral pattern have been reported to be among the contributing factors of the spread of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). This study evaluated knowledge, awareness, and behavioral pattern towards HIV/AIDS of female non-academic staff in a tertiary institution in South-Eastern Nigeria.

Material and methods:
This survey was conducted between July and August 2021 in a tertiary institution in Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria through pre-tested questionnaire from 60 female non-academic staff (age range of 18 to 43 years). Data were analyzed using SPSS version 25.0. Frequency distributions of variables were obtained, and χ2 test was used to assess the association between variables. Statistical significance was determined at p < 0.05.

Socio-demographics showed that 68.3% of the cohort were married, and 31.7% were not married. 10%, 61.7%, and 16.7% has attained primary, secondary, and tertiary level of education, respectively, while 10% presented no formal education. Result of the evaluations showed that marital and educational status has significant positive impact on knowledge, awareness, and behavioral pattern towards HIV/AIDS, as married participants showed significantly high percentage of positive responses compared to unmarried. Moreover, females with tertiary education showed significant high percentage of positive responses, followed by those with secondary education when comparing between categories of educational qualification.

The reported evaluations suggests that participants had positive responses on reducing HIV/AIDS, which is commendable to sensitization to a health scheme that would further aid in improving their knowledge, awareness, and altitude, which are the key factors of their responses.

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