The effect of cognitive behavioural therapy on depression, anxiety, and stress in women with HIV
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Submission date: 2018-04-05
Final revision date: 2018-04-11
Acceptance date: 2018-04-11
Publication date: 2018-09-25
HIV & AIDS Review 2018;17(3):218-223
Considering the increase of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women and their mental health concerns, the present study aimed at investigating the effect of cognitive behavioural therapy on stress, anxiety, and depression in women with HIV.

Material and methods:
This randomised clinical trial was conducted on 60 women with HIV who referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital Consultation Centre for clients with risky behaviours in Tehran. The sampling method was census and samples were randomly assigned to two groups: control and intervention. In addition to routine care, the intervention group received six sessions of cognitive-behavioural counselling on mental health. The sampling period lasted from April to August 2017. The questionnaire used in this study was Depression Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21).

There was no statistically significant difference between the demographic characteristics in the control and intervention groups. The result of the repeated measurement test showed that the depression, anxiety, and stress in the intervention group changed over time, respectively (p = 0.002), (p = 0.000), (p = 0.04), and there was a significant difference between the two groups, respectively (p = 0.003), (p = 0.000), (p = 0.000).

According to the results of this study and considering the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in people with HIV, cognitive behavioural therapy useful for counselling in women with HIV, and we suggest that cognitive behavioural therapy is provided in high risk behaviour counselling centre.

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