Utilizing the community-based research approach to examine mental health and support services issues related to HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder
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Department of Psychology, College of Liberal Arts, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, United States
Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
Submission date: 2018-09-11
Final revision date: 2019-07-26
Acceptance date: 2019-10-09
Publication date: 2019-11-16
HIV & AIDS Review 2019;18(4):233-238
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated neurocognitive disorder is an emergent public health problem known to HIV researchers and scientists, but unfortunately, is a concern that still needs to be better recognized by people living with HIV and HIV service providers. Research studies have reported that between 30 to 50% of people living with HIV who have access to combination antiretroviral therapy are and will be affected by this disorder. This raises the need to find more appropriate research approaches for examining issues that will significantly impact people living with HIV experiencing or at risk of developing neurocognitive impairments.
People living with HIV who are symptomatic of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder are more likely to have mental health issues, progression to dementia, difficulties in performing activities of daily living, lower medication adherence, access barriers to adequate health and social services, and poorer quality of life. Because of its key principles and tenets, community-based research is a viable alternative to traditional research approaches for examining mental health and support services issues related to HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder. As an alternative approach, it would be able to examine issues relevant to people infected and affected by HIV in considerable depth and detail while taking into account their greater and more meaningful involvement.
Community-based research would be able to ensure people living with HIV and HIV service providers opportunities for equal participation, productive partnerships, ownership of new knowledge, shared responsibilities, and empowerment in HIV research processes dedicated to help them address issues related to HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder.
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