Assessment of the relationship between demographic variables and knowledge, attitude and practice of Azad Islamic University students about sexually transmitted diseases in 2018
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Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Nursing, Khomein University of Medical Sciences, Khomein, Iran
Student Research Committee, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
Department of Health Education, Educational Neuroscience Research Center, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
Submission date: 2020-04-18
Final revision date: 2020-10-29
Acceptance date: 2021-03-05
Publication date: 2021-09-30
HIV & AIDS Review 2021;20(3):201-207
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are one of the health concerns of the new century and likelihood of morbidity in young people is high. Knowledge and attitude about these diseases and demographic characteristics of people have and important role in reduction of their incidence and prevalence. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between demographic variables and knowledge, attitude and practice of young people regarding STDs.

Material and methods:
This study is a descriptive cross-sectional study, 500 students including were participated in 2018. Cluster random sampling was applied through the selection of various universities and colleges in 5 Azad units: North, South, East, West and Center of Tehran. Students were studying in art, human science, engineering, base science etc., majoring in B.A. and B.Sc. degrees. The data gathering tool was a researcher-made questionnaire. Its validity was confirmed by content and face validity. Reliability was assessed using the test-re-test method. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 software and descriptive and analytical statistical tests such as t test and ANOVA.

There was no significant relationship between students’ mean knowledge and gender (p = 0.434), but relationships of attitude and practice (risk and preventive) with gender (p < 0.001) and knowledge, and attitude (p < 0.001) with marital status were observed, female gender being associated with better attitude and practice and married women having better knowledge and attitude. The ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test and the least significant difference (LSD) test showed no significant difference between the students of Azad University and their field of study with their knowledge.

Intervention in the study population was needed in order to increase awareness, change attitude and reduce risky behaviors and integrate education of sexually transmitted diseases in the academic curriculum. On the other hand, the establishment of valid websites, weblogs and valid channels in social media by medical universities is recommended because students reported Internet and social media as the most common way of getting information about STDs, with the focus on male students and single students, who need more education and attention. Students reported the Internet as the most frequent way of acquiring knowledge about sexually transmitted diseases (28.8%) followed by social media (23.2%) and the lowest rate of information about sexually transmitted infections was radio followed by health care providers and professors.

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